Logic Framework Analysis (LFA)
The LFA model has as a starting point an overall goal (i.e. vision/ mission), purposes (i.e. concrete objectives), activities (i.e. initiatives) and output (results of activities). Through visualizing this process, it also becomes clear where gaps lie and which objectives require more planned activities.
LFA is based on the ‘temporal logic model’, which has the following prepositions:
- If these activities are implemented, and the assumptions hold, then these outputs will be delivered.
- If these outputs are delivered, and the assumptions hold, then this purpose will be achieved.
- If this purpose is achieved, and the assumptions hold, then this goal will be achieved.
In order to measure/ verify whether the temporal logic model holds, i.e. whether the connections between activity → output → purpose → goal are valid, four variables are needed: Narratives (descriptions), Objectively Verifiable Indicators (OVIs), Means of Verification (MoVs), and Assumptions.
Narratives are simple descriptions of the processes taking place at each level. Objectively Verifiable Indicators (OVIs) are evidence (indicators) that these processes are in fact taking place, whereby Means of Verification (MoV) are the ways in which this evidence is delivered. Assumptions are external factors that could influence the processes, either positive or negative. This can be best visualized by means of a table: